To Stretch or Not to Stretch?  This should not even be a question.

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The first step in healing, exercise and life is awareness.  People tend to be disconnected from their bodies. They know they are in pain, tired or just not “as young as they used to be”.  There is that feeling of something is not right or “off” with their body and they see the choice is either doctor visits and pills, or worse acceptance and coping.  The truth is that these feelings are calls for help from the body and that are not getting through.  For healing to begin the connection between mind and body needs to be reestablished.

Integrated Therapeutic Stretching™ (or ITS) is an extremely effective stretching therapy that works with the body to figure out and correct what’s gone awry. The objective of ITS™ is to aid and empower the client with the tools to re-educate and maintain a balanced physiological and emotional system.

Whether you are rehabbing, training or just going through daily routines of life the body needs balance, it needs to be both flexible and strong. Unfortunately, in both rehab and life flexibility tends to be an afterthought, or it is the last step when it should be the first. One should never strength train a joint that does not have full ROM. If a muscle and surrounding fascia is restricted strength training can cause more of a restriction and possible damage to occur.  On the flip side one should never open up a restricted/adhered joint/muscle without understanding the reasons why it is tight. Is it compensating? If so why? Is there an injury? A disorder? Simply releasing a tight restricted area without this knowledge can lead to the body’s stability being compromised.

Integrated Therapeutic Stretching™ is system designed to help an individual achieve and maintain balance and well-being. It’s not strain/counter-strain, PNF (proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation), or any of the other popular system claiming increased flexibility and function by simply exhausting muscle fibers into laxity.  Integrated Therapeutic Stretching™ teaches the individual how to stretch each muscle and the surrounding fascia distinctly (in non-loading positions), releasing the connective tissue while re-training each muscle to perform correctly, individually and cohesively within its muscle group.

Let’s face it; we all have times when our daily actions are less than beneficial for our health & wellbeing, whether due to a trauma, exhaustion, improper training, or boredom.  When that imbalance exists, our muscles learn to function incorrectly or to compensate.  Without corrective stimulus the compensation cycle continues to force the muscles into working inaccurately and inefficiently.  We all need a simple and effective practice that helps our body to return to maximum performance, efficiency and wellness.

Another hinderance to balance and recovery is that what a person perceive as normal posture and movement is usually a skewed perception. When in pain or injured the body compensates in order to function. If these compensations are not corrected then compensation pattern is eventually perceived as the normal state of being by the brain.  Since the body needs to continue to function, a person’s perception of straight is altered to believe the chronic restriction/misalignment is the norm and the norm is incorrect.

How many times have you straightened out a client who is laying crooked on your table only to have them say “Well now I feel crooked”?  If we do not make our clients aware of how they are improperly moving then we will never truly be able to restore them to balance. The average person has no idea how to get out of bed, up out of a chair or how to bend over and pick up their keys. When you combine this with the body’s predilection for compensation the end result is pain and injury. I am not impressed by the perfect kettle bell swing if that same person cannot stand up straight and walk across the room without strain.

Therapists are just as guilty of these misperceptions. They tend to use muscle when they work instead proper body mechanics which allows them to move with less effort, more efficiency.  To become an extension of their clients rather than working on them.

When I teach the ITS™, I literally find myself wrapping around the practitioner in order to retrain them how to move. They have no clue that they are moving in cross forces from the client causing the client’s body to react, fighting against, instead of releasing with them.  If the practitioner is unaware of what proper body mechanics are and that they themselves are incorrectly using their bodies, then how can they properly assist their clients on their journey back to health?  For this reason alone, I decided to make the Integrated Therapeutic Stretching™ courses a pre-requisite for the advanced STRAIT Method™ Scar courses. Not only does it open the practitioner’s eyes to the importance of proprioception and body mechanics for themselves, it gives them the tools to educated and rehab their clients once the tension of the scar tissue is released.

Once the connection between mind and body is reestablished through awareness the next step is empowerment.

Through specific focused active stretching and strengthening, ITS™ helps re-educate the body how to move the way it was designed, leading to increased joint range of motion (ROM), lymphatic and venous circulation.  The emphasis is placed on building and maintaining muscular flexibility, strength and endurance throughout the body. Since it is an active modality the client is given the power to aid in their own recovery. For some it gives them back control over their bodies.

Massage/Physical therapists are expected to alleviate stress, help with relaxation, and relieve pain caused by injuries, repetitive use and physical limitations. A therapist’s success in doing so often leads clients to view their therapist as a “cure-all.” Sooner or later, however, a therapist might be faced with questions from their clients such as: “Why does the pain keep coming back?” or “I feel better, but I am afraid to do anything that might start the pain again.”

If you would like to empower your clients to take an active part in their own health, consider incorporating Integrated Therapeutic Stretching™ into your practice.

How ITS™ Works

There are two primary principles that provide the basis for how ITS™ works. The first is the mechanism of reciprocal inhibition and innervations working together. If you want to lift your arm, your nervous system has to shut off the muscles that bring your arm down (inhibition) while turning on the ones that lift it up (innervations). ITS™ works with your nervous system and in the process, re-educates the muscles how to function properly and how to utilize and maintain full ROM.

The second principle is to hold the stretch for 2 seconds. Holding a stretch for longer than 2.5 to 3 seconds triggers a protective stretch reflex in the muscle fibers, and the muscle you are trying to stretch contracts. By not tripping the stretch reflex, you are able to get a gentle stretch without having the body work against itself. The stretch is repeated multiple times in a set(s). The repeated “pumping” action of the muscle allows for increased circulation to the area. By targeting very specific angles of the muscle and promoting full ROM of the joint, the results are a highly efficient and effective stretch, affecting the muscles from origin to insertion. It reaches areas a therapist’s fingers and hands cannot go. With ITS™, you can address injuries such as sprained ankles and pulled muscles as well as physical issues/disorders such as sciatica, multiple sclerosis, scleroderma, scoliosis, and paralysis. Most important, you give your clients the ability to fend off the multitude of physiological and psychological effects their disease or reoccurring injury is causing.

Client Success Stories

I have used ITS™ with success for clients ranging from children to seniors and presenting a broad range of problems. Below are the stories of two clients who experienced dramatic results with ITS™.

Client Story 1: “Tom,” 49, suffers from multiple sclerosis (MS). When physical therapy and pain management no longer yielded results, his insurance company stopped coverage, leaving him house-bound without any means of therapy or aid. As a former college athlete, Tom was utterly frustrated at his loss of control over his own body.

When I met Tom, he was 60lbs overweight, wheelchair-bound and depressed. I explained how ITS™ works and that I needed his help if the therapy was going to be successful. He looked doubtful but said he would do whatever he could. Since Tom was starting to experience drop foot and his ankles were very swollen, I started there. After showing Tom how to use the stretching strap to assist himself, I asked him to concentrate on lifting up his foot and giving a light pull on the strap at the end of the move. While we worked together, his edema went down, and Tom started to get excited. The motor functionality in his feet started to improve, and Tom’s enthusiasm increased. As we progressed on to other areas of his body, I explained how he could perform the stretch on his own, and I also showed his wife how she could assist him. After two sessions, Tom insisted on coming to my office instead of having house calls. After six visits, Tom amazed and thrilled me by coming up the walkway to my office using his walker. His wife informed me with a big smile that he had been doing his exercises every day and his whole attitude had changed. Today, Tom has lost 40lbs, goes out with friends again and seems to have a new lease on life. He still has bad days and setbacks because of the MS, but with the help of ITS™, he has the ability to slow down its progression and take some control back over his life.

Client Story 2: “Brad,” 13, has pectus excavatum (also known as sunken or funnel chest). Brad’s mother is a scar tissue release therapy client who sought relief from her c-section restriction and lower back pain.  She asked if I thought I could do something for her son’s fingers, which had been broken two years prior and had not healed properly. As soon as I met Brad, I knew that his fingers were the least of his problems. Despite standing slouched forward, typical of many 13-year-old boys, I could clearly see that his right shoulder was internally rotated and basically stuck to his chest. The left side was rounded forward in compensation with the right. His arms were rotated outward, giving him the appearance of normal function. His head also jutted forward. As far as his fingers were concerned, the phalanges of the two middle fingers were truly sticking out. The fingers had never received any rehabilitation. After a few stretches, I showed Brad specific ITS™ stretching exercises and gave him a hand-exercise ball to take home.

Once his fingers were taken care of, I asked his mother to explain what was going on with his shoulder. Apparently, Brad had broken his collarbone coming through the birth canal. He was put in a sling and that was it. Over the years, she had asked the doctors if there was a problem with the way Brad’s shoulder was developing and the reply was always the same: “No that is just the way he is growing.” With her and Brad’s permission, I started to work on his shoulder. I gently went through the protocols for the shoulder and neck while explaining to him what I was doing and why. I made sure that he was actively involved in every aspect of the session. Within 20 minutes, Brad’s shoulder was no longer pressed against his chest and was already gravitating to its proper functional position. I gave him a homework assignment of stretch and strength exercises and went to work on his mom. While I was working on her, I could see Brad moving his shoulders around. When I asked him how they felt, he replied: “Weird, but in a good way.”

On Brad’s second visit, he told me that baseball practice was awkward at first because he kept overthrowing the ball until he got used to the way his shoulder was moving. On his third visit, he told me that his endurance was better. I asked him if he was able to take deeper breaths and get more oxygen into his lungs, and he said yes. His mother was happy that she no longer had to tell Brad to stand up straight. On his fourth visit, his mother told me with tears in her eyes how Brad was doing so well in basketball now that the other night he and his father would not come in out of the rain; they just kept shooting basket after basket. Brad continues to come once a week for stretching and strength training. All of his atrophied/undeveloped muscles are coming back to life, and he is learning how to use his body more effectively. Recently, he asked if we could start stretching his legs since soccer season was starting up.

Incorporating ITS™ in Your Practice

It is always a challenge to introduce any new technique to your clients. People usually prefer the security of your established routine and are wary of anything new. It is slightly more so with ITS™ since it requires the patient to be an active participant. If a client is hesitant, you can start by introducing small sets of stretching at the beginning of the session before you start to massage. The cervical and wrist stretches can be performed with the client already undressed and on the table. You can also offer to stretch an area of injury or discomfort, like sciatica, before the client gets undressed as a free demonstration. Eventually, you can offer a half-and-half session where the client can be stretched first and then receive a massage. Once your clients experience the results of the stretching, they will be more inclined to book whole stretching sessions.

ITS™ is a simple and effective technique that helps to enhance performance, decrease the likelihood of injury and reduce muscle soreness. It helps to increase blood supply and lymphatic flow and the delivery of nutrients on a cellular level. ITS™ improves ROM of the joints and aids in neuromuscular re-education. Used therapeutically, ITS™ works with the body, not against it, and empowers clients to take an active role in their own well-being. Furthermore, it works hand-in-hand with scar tissue release, massage and other bodywork techniques. Inspiring your clients to be active participants in their own healing process and maintaining their health is the most powerful effect of all.


Lymphatics vs. Scar Tissue Release

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The Scar Tissue Release and Integrated Therapies method —S.T.R.A.I.T™ Method,  for short — is a three-dimensional, fascial-release system that works to minimize scar-tissue development and the subsequent physiological restrictions. Utilizing multiple manual techniques Adhered tissues are released and then realigned from their starting point, which is the visible scar, to their endpoint — where the line of frozen fascia stops. Once the scar is released the rehab phase where ROM Stretching/strengthens and body mechanics exercises are applied in order to reset the body.

How does this differ from Lymphatic massage treatment or scar tissue?

When surgery is performed the initial lymphatic vessels are cut, these initial lymphatic vessels are located just under the skin the fluid is then transported to the pre-collectors, then to the collector channels which are located deep in the body running parallel to the arteries and veins. Over time the initial lymph vessels will reform to continue working but as scar tissue forms they can be inhibited in their function to reduce swelling.

Scars and adhesions disrupt the network of lymph capillaries that lie just under the skin. … When performing manual lymph drainage or simplified lymphatic drainage, scars can interrupt the lymph flow. When there is a scar in the stroke pathway, it is recommended that you stroke around the scar and not through it. This is recommended because lymph vessels within the scar tissue have been disrupted the transfer of fluid across a scar is usually ineffective … Lymphedema Caregiver’s Guide by M. K. Kearse, PT, CLT-LANA, E. McMahon Ph.D., and A. Ehrlich, MA. Lymph Notes 2009, page 91.

HUTZSCHENREUTER has demonstrated in a study that MLD improves wound healing and optimizes the scarring process. Damaged lymph drainage routes can be restored in existing scars. If post-surgical scars interrupt the lymphatic pathways and local edemas form, they can be drained away, while MLD scar treatment reconnects the interrupted drainage routes. MLD also has a salutary effect on large scars, such as those caused by burns. Hyperkeratotic scars cease their itching, the deep reddening of the scar area pales and the scar tissue softens. However, with lymphatic drainage, much time must be spent on scar therapy.

The S.T.R.A.I.T™ Method opens the tissue quickly allowing for a more effective and flowing lymphatic treatment.

“Lymphatics isn’t for scar, different systems. At best, lymphatic drainage would decrease tension on a scar. I’d have it another way round, scar work for lymphatics, both are important and often related, but different i.e writing vs mathematics-great tools but different languages.” Jocelyn Kope, Capetown, South Africa

scar tissue release therapyTherapies are being applied with a total lack of understanding of the physiology of scar tissue. There is little or worse no knowledge behind the events that caused the scars i.e. surgeries, accidents, and what the corrective procedures actually did to the body. No attention is paid to the psychological & emotional trauma surrounding the event. Few look for the possible compensations the body may have complied in response to restrictions and what releasing those restrictions without proper rehab would do.

“The S.T.R.A.I.T™ Method includes the psychology of the body and incorporates a full spectrum whole body experience vs just tackling the scar tissue as taught by other modalities.” Jen Adams, Alabama, USA

There are so many wonderful forms of therapy available today to help people on their journey to balance health and wellness.  No one is better than the other, rather we have to find the right one, or combination thereof, that works for each individual.  That being said, there is nothing more important than recognizing the effect scars are having on a person. In order for any therapy to be fully effective, you have to clear and release any and all scars that are impeding the body’s function. In other words, scar tissue release is the first step then you may proceed with any and all therapies that resonate with the patient.

》A B O U T   M A R J O R I E   B R O O K

marjorie brook lmt author headshotMarjorie Brook, LMT is a massage therapist, author and international educator. For over 21 years, she has specialized in scar tissue release and massage therapy. She works from the fundamental belief that your body is intuitively aligned with the thoughts you think, the emotions that you feel and the things that you do. She founded Brooks Seminars in 2007 after working as a decade as a nationally recognized massage therapist with a private practice on Long Island. She is the creator of the Scar Tissue Release and Integrated Therapies (S.T.R.A.I.T Method™) and offers continuing education courses on this method all over the world. Her articles have appeared in magazines such as Massage Today, American Fitness and Massage World. She’s approved by the National Certification Board for Therapeutic Massage and Bodywork, the Massage Therapy Association of Alberta and the College of Massage Therapists of British Columbia.

“Oh Baby – now that’s a scar!” Scar Release & C-sections

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According to the World Health Organization, cesarean (c-section), rates continue to rise around the world. The rate in Australia is 33% and in the United States of America it is 32.2%, which works out to 1-in-3 women. But no matter how well-trained the surgeon may be, there will be scar tissue formation after a C- Section. Scar tissue needs to form to help the wound heal, but there is a tiny problem: adhesions.  Adhesions occur internally when the body undergoes severe trauma such as a surgery, inflammation or infection.   Unfortunately, most doctors either fail to disclose or show concern in regard to adhesion formation and a protocol to minimize it and the issues that can arise from them has never be established.

The most common incision for a C- Section is made horizontally (often called a bikini cut), which is just above the pubic bone. The incision is cut through the lower abdomen at the top of the pubic hair just over the hairline. The muscles of the stomach are not be cut but they are pulled apart so that the doctor can gain access to the uterus. In an emergency cesarean the incision will most likely be a vertical incision (from the navel to the pubic area) which will allow a faster deliver. The surgeon also pulls the bladder down to protect it during surgery. Scarring from the incision builds up underneath the incision as well as in the uterus. As the c-section scar starts to heal and the uterus reduces back adhesions form.

Scar tissue after a C Section is not preventable. Scar tissue is fibrous tissue that replaces normal tissue after an injury. While it contains the same materials as normal tissue, the quality of the scar tissue is inferior to that of the tissue it replaces. It is very important to understand that the scar that you can see is actually only the tip of the iceberg. All surgeries involve multiple layers of sutures and go much deeper than just the visible scar on the surface.

Another significant factor to be considered is the effect of adhesion formation on the internal organs.  The organs are supposed to slip and slide around each other. Organs need this movement in order to function properly. When adhesions are present, the sliding surfaces stick to each other and drag across one another causing tensional pulls. The resulting restrictions can cause limited range of motion and pain in other areas of the body.

It can take up to two years after a surgery or trauma to fully heal.  Pain and issues may not even surface until well after the Mom has “recovered” from the surgery. Years can pass and by then, the symptoms may not be associated with the scar.

Common complaints after a c-section can include sensitivity of the scar itself and nerves being caught up in the scar tissue causing itching, hyper or hypo sensitivity.  This will make pants irritating or leaving the Mom unable to feel anything from the scar to the pubic bone.  Leaning over to pick up baby can be painful. The tension pull from the scar may cause postural changes, that along with a decrease in the support of the back from the abdominal muscles could result in back pain. The scarring can cause the adjacent muscles to develop trigger points that refer pain to areas like the clitoris or urethra.

There can be issues with lower digestion such as irritable bowel syndrome or constipation and bloating.  Adhesions around the uterus, bladder and fallopian tubes can lead to painful intercourse, frequent urination and fertility challenges.

Let’s not forget the emotional issues that can arise as a direct result of the scar.  There is the selfconsciousness about the appearance of the scar. Some women will not touch the scar and surrounding area.  A simple pull or pressure on the scar can cause a continual minor or a sudden major PTSD reaction.  Lack of sleep and mental stress from chronic pain that doctors do not acknowledge and family members do not understand can be detrimental.

“I was fortunate enough to have a massage with Marjorie in Sydney, Australia on her recent visit. I was astonished by the immediate results and by Marjorie’s open, giving attitude. Post massage benefits included greater energy, improved posture, a huge sense of release and opening to my abdomen which had felt frozen after surgery. It was such a relief. Emotionally I felt noticeably stronger after the treatment.”  Deborah S, Australia

Scar tissue can have an adverse effect on every one of the bodies systems.  They are interconnected and encased by the fascia and the smallest of restrictions can cause problems.  The good news is that there is much that can be done to minimize and correct the issues.

C-section scarring can be improved or corrected altogether by releasing the tissue and proper therapeutic rehab (every expecting mother needs to be trained in pelvic floor exercises for both pre & post pregnancy).  As the scar tissue is release layer by layer, and fibers encouraged to lay down in the proper alignment, the softer it becomes and function can be restored to the tissue surround the area. This reduces tensional pulls and reduces the adhesions. The tissue needs to be released in all directions, proper circulation (lymph included), range of motion restored and body mechanics re-established.


I found Marjorie after doing a search for a solution to my c- section scar and pain. She is a miracle worker. After just one session my scars have flattened significantly and the color has improved. She has helped with my back pain and sleeping problems. She is also very personable, caring and easy to talk to. I highly recommend her to anyone that has scars, surgery, or any kind of pain.”

Jennifer G, USA


The body needs time to heal, so for the best results light therapy such as myofasical release and lymphatic massage can start right after the surgery.  Gentle range of motion stretching and proper body mechanics (how to feed, pick up and carry the baby etc) should be done in accordance with the mother’s ability and healing. After 12 weeks the tissue can be released via the STRAIT (Scar Tissue Release And Integrated Therapies) Method  a three-dimensional, fascial-release system that works to minimize scar-tissue development and the subsequent physiological restrictions. As tissue is forever remodeling there in no time limit to working on scars.  A difference can be made and balance restored no matter how old the scar is.



  1. William’s Obstetrics Twenty-Second Ed. Cunningham, F. Gary, et al, Ch. 25.
  2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  3. World Health Organization

How’s the Pressure Podcast

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This week I discuss scar tissue with Marjorie Brook. I get to ask some basic questions that I have always wondered about, like can you actually break up scar tissue? But the conversation goes much deeper than that, as we talk about the emotional and psychological considerations that therapists need to have in mind when addressing this type of work. There are extensive notes from this conversation, so instead of putting them here, you can find them at, under a newly created tab called “resources”. I have placed a PDF of some of Marjorie’s information and answers there



Scar Tissue, the most overlooked issue in Healthcare

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What do all of the following have in common?

Cesarean “C” section

Breast reduction

Breast implant





Well that is easy right?  They are all surgeries. But would it surprise you to know that 6 out of 10 women who walk into my office do not consider C- Sections or breast work surgeries? Yes, you did read that correctly.

There is an alarm gong off in my head.  At first it was a small ding and as the years have gone by it has been getting louder and louder. These days it is going off like an air raid siren.  When a new client comes to see me I have them fill out a medical history intake form. It is very common for people to “forget” about past injuries, illness and yes even a minor surgery.  It has always amazed me, I mean really how does one forget they broke an arm or an ankle?

Here are some of the many conversations/comments that have resulted from the “Please list all surgeries” section on the form:

“Surgery? No, not really… Well…I had a C-section but I do not consider that surgery.” 

“Why is that?”

“Well…it wasn’t planned… it was an emergency.”


“No surgery…I just had my breasts done but that doesn’t count.”


“I did have my toe chopped off, but they sewed it back on and that was so long ago it doesn’t matter.”


“No…No surgeries… just had some work done on my mouth twice.” 

“Do you mean you had Oral surgery?”



“Well I did have my uterus taken out. But they did that through my belly button- you can barely even see the scar… so no, no surgery.”


During a session I will observe a scar and inquired as to its origin. The client inevitably says “What scar? Where?  Oh right?  …That’s from when I wiped out on my motorcycle…yeah I ruptured my spleen and they had to do surgery”   and this one on your leg? “Oh that?  I was dragged by the bike on asphalt pretty gnarly huh?!”  


I have been a Licensed Massage Therapist for over 20 years and in all that time a reoccurring theme seems to have prevailed. The presence of scar tissue can have a lifelong physiological effect on the body — a fact that seems to have eluded traditional healthcare professionals. This realization combined with my clinical experience, education, teaching and research, has led to my developing the STRAIT (Scar Tissue Release and Integrated Therapies) Method to release restricted tissues and restore balance and freedom of movement.


During the course of my career I’ve treated many patients whose problems could be traced back to a scar they had forgotten they even had.  Everyone has a scar i.e. the bellybutton. While not every scar presents a problem, often they can.  This is due to the fact that the body is one large, three-dimensional piece of fascia that envelops us like an intricate spider web. Any kink, pull or restriction in one area affects the whole matrix.


Scar tissue and adhesions are the result of our body’s natural healing process and it occurs both internally and externally. The process, if working correctly, is supposed to eliminate the scars and adhesions once the wound is healed. In some cases, a person’s body does not remove all of the scar tissue. In other cases adhesions have built to help support the body due to poor posture, repetitive use or injury.  The adhered tissue continues to spread which can trigger a cascading effect of compensations through out the body.


The STRAIT Method is a series of fascial techniques that release and realign the restrictive tissue from the starting point (visible scar) to the end point (where the line of frozen fascia stops).  This release system differs from traditional methods because it approaches the multi faceted matrix of fascia three dimensionally.


What is Scar Tissue? 

Scars are areas of fibrous tissue that have replaced normal skin, or other tissue, after injury. A scar results from the biologic process of wound repair in the skin and other tissues of the body. Scar tissue is never as functional as the original tissue it has replaced. With the exception of very minor lesions, every wound (both internal and external) results in some degree of scarring.


What are Adhesions?

Adhesions are bands of scar tissue that anchor and support the wound. It binds all tissue it comes into contact with together. Adhesions will form whenever there is inflammation in the body. Although adhesions can occur anywhere, the most common locations are within the stomach, pelvis and heart.


Importance of Incorporating Scar Tissue Release Therapy into Your Repertoire of Services

Scars and the multitude of issues that can be traced back to them are generally overlooked by health professionals. Simply because the extent of physiological effects scars can have on the body have never really been acknowledged. As massage therapists we know that the slightest restriction in the elaborate matrix of fascia can have major repercussions from one end of the body to the other.


  • A simple scar from a childhood accident to major surgery can have a lifelong effect both physically and mentally for your client
  • Scar tissue has the potential to spread in any direction including internally throughout the body
  • Scar Tissue can restrict movement or function anywhere in the body from a joint to an organ


Working scar tissue is extraordinarily simple to learn, easy to apply and yields powerful results that can prevent a lifetime of compensation, complications and pain.


I do not know what amazes me more, the body’s ability to respond so quickly to the release of adhered tissues or the shock on the patient’s face when their body is freed from its restrictions and pain.  But the one thing I do know is that ignorance is not bliss.  The time has come for the public to be made aware of effects of scar tissue and adhesions.


It is my hope that with modern science starting to recognize the importance of fascia and the effects of scar tissue on the body that Scar Tissue Release will be brought to the forefront of therapy. Therapists can make significant and long lasting changes in the health and well being of their clients/patients by incorporating scar work into their treatments. It is my experience that release of scar tissue, followed by proper rehab exercises can play a major supportive and therapeutic role in helping anyone living with the physical, emotional and mental effects of scar tissue and adhesion restrictions.

Scar Tissue 101

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Scars- to some people they are trophies, war wounds to be proud of, reminders of traumas that they wish to forget, and to many, just something they have already forgotten. The truth of the matter is scars, and the restrictions they cause, can affect every system in the body.  Recognizing them can be the key to unlocking mysterious pain and other issues that have been interfering with the body’s ability to function and balance.

Historically scar tissue has been ignored or been viewed as having no consequence by the medical world.  With all of the current ongoing research and information compiling on the importance of fascia the medical world is starting to recognize the significance of scar tissue in the body.  As with most new fields of interest there have been many new versions of therapy popping up, which for the most part is a very good thing.  Unfortunately, the negative side of new frontiers is that many therapies are being administered without proper understanding of the subject matter.

I have been a massage therapist specializing in scar tissue release for over 20 years. In this time I have seen Scar tissue work go from being dismissed by doctors and a general population completely in the dark as to what is really causing their issues, to consideration by the medical profession that it may be a problem to some extent. Still there are many doctors ignoring the affects, while some have taking to using it as an excuse:  “I know I told you it would take 6 months for recovery but you have developed scar tissue.” Trust me on this – I get at least one phone call a week with that one.

The internet is now flooded with inaccurate information about scar tissue and ways to cure it.  Therapies are being applied with total lack of understanding of the physiology of scar tissue. There is little or worse no knowledge behind the events that caused the scars i.e. surgeries, accidents and what the corrective procedures actually did to the body. No attention is paid to the psychological & emotional trauma surrounding the event. Few look for the possible compensations the body may have complied in response to restrictions and what releasing those restrictions without proper rehab would do. Honestly it is terrifying to me.

So I thought we could take a moment to clear up some of the misinformation:

1)     Scar tissue cannot be broken down nor can it be removed. – Anyone who claims to breakdown scar tissue does not understand what scar tissue is.  Scar tissue replaces normal tissue that is damaged.  If you break it down you are essentially saying that you are causing a new wound. The only person who can remove scar tissue is a surgeon who is literally cutting it out – only for new scar tissue to form.

The goal of working with scar tissue is to release the adhered layers, attempting to re-establishing homeostasis, releasing and correcting the compensations from fascial restrictions all the while being acutely aware of possible emotional release.


2)     Scar tissue is dead fibrous tissue. This could not be further from the truth.  Scar tissue composition and structure are different than that of the normal tissue it replaces. Because of changes in the relative amounts, type and structure of collagen, it is inferior in function.

  • Scar tissue has less elasticity.
  • Scar tissue is not as strong as normal tissue.
  • Scar tissue does not oxygenate well, creating a low (acidic) PH:
  • Scar tissue is different neurologically.
  • Scar tissue does not contract.
  • Scars are less resistant to ultraviolet radiation.
  • Scar tissue does not contain sweat glands and hair follicles.
  • Scar tissue is prone to injury.


3)     Scars are only an esthetic issue.  Most people are only concerned with how the scars alter their appearance and have no idea how their scars and adhesions are affecting their bodies on so many different levels, or that scars are can be a major trigger for PTSD.


4)     Anyone can treat a scar.  Acknowledging that scar tissue may at the root of the problem is the first step in any therapy. After that simply massaging the affected area will bring about change.  However, that being said I want to caution therapists.  You need to thoroughly understand the event which caused the scar i.e. surgery, accident etc. and all the goes with it.  This includes emotions, all of the physical ramifications for the body, what type of rehab will be need once the massage is done.

I am not saying that one should never massage a scar I am saying that as with all diseases, disorders and dysfunctions (yes scar tissue is a cause of dysfunction), you need to understand what you are working with before you lay hands on.


5)     Physical scars cannot and do not show how much pain or suffering a person has experienced. Every scar has an emotional history surrounding it.

  • Shock
  • Guilt
  • Failure
  • Loss
  • Detachment
  • Trauma
  • Anger & Resentment
  • Low Self Esteem
  • Fear
  • Hopelessness/ Depression
  • Disgust when seeing or touching the scar
  • Sadness about the limits the scar places on everyday life
  • Humor – yes there can be funny stories behind accidents

The emotions surrounding the physical scars can and do have a direct emotional and psychological effect. It can bring about significant self-image issues and lower self-confidence.  Research on the after care of burn survivors or those with severe facial scarring has proven this. In the cases of patients with severe scarring suffering from depression (between 13-23% of cases) or post-traumatic stress disorder (between 13-45% of cases) have been documented.


6) Tools: There are many instruments and tools out there that are effective on scars but they are not the end all be all.  Rather they should be considered part of the therapy.

An example would be cupping. When a cup is placed on the scar tissue and its surrounding areas, the vacuum lifts the scar tissues above and below the skin, essentially pulling them apart so that fresh blood and lymph can circulate freely through them. This improved circulation in turn makes movement easier and as a result, healing of the scars is induced.

It is a great tool but again you should not just cup over a scar without full understanding of what you could be opening up (both emotionally and physically) and how altering that scar will affect the person in the long run.


7) Scars and adhesions are the same thing.  Not true as you can have adhesions without scars but you cannot have scars without adhesions.  Both need to be recognized and treated.


8) All scars need to be released. A very dangerous statement indeed.  What if the only thing holding that knee replacement together is the adhesions formed around it?  Something to consider before pulling out that cup or edge tool.


9) All scars are a problem.  Not necessarily, but all scars have a potential to be one and should be considered and examined.


10) Scars only affect the tissue. Again not true, but even if it is was, this is still cause to treat them.  Scar tissue can affect every system of the body:

  • integumentary
  • muscular-skeletal
  • nervous
  • circulatory
  • lymphatic
  • respiratory
  • endocrine
  • urinary/excretory
  • reproductive
  • digestive

Understanding how each of these systems can be affected by scar tissue can lead you to unraveling the mysteries of the pain and frustration your client/patient has been suffering, in some cases for years.


If your chosen area of therapy is to give relaxation massage then more power to you.  Not every massage need be a medical one and everyone needs to take time to release and relax.  But if you are administering a medically oriented therapy then it is imperative that as a therapist you know who the person is, what they went through and how they came to be on your table before putting your hands on them. Once you are informed of the specific surgery the client/patient has had your next step should be to watch videos of that type of surgery to see the extent of the damage done. You need to consider all of the possible emotional, psychological trauma you are tapping into before working on the scar. Most importantly you need to be prepared for the possible reactions and how to handle them for the protection of your client/patient and yourself.

There are so many wonderful forms of therapy available today to help people on their journey to balance health & wellness.  No one is better than the other, rather we have to find the right one, or combination thereof, that works for each individual.  That being said, there is nothing more important than recognizing the effect scars are having on a person. In order for any therapy to be fully affective you have to clear and release any and all scars that are impeding the body’s function. In other words, scar tissue release is the first step then you may proceed with any and all therapies that resonate with the patient.